About Vaccines: Importance of Timing

Every new parent focuses on ways to keep their baby happy and healthy. Modern medicine offers many ways to prevent illness in baby and keep her healthy.

 

According to the Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons 0 — 6 years of age, children may receive up to 24 vaccinations to protect them from up to 14 diseases by the time they’re 2 years of age. It may seem like a lot of vaccines for your child, but some parents are unnecessarily concerned..

Vaccines are recommended for very young children because their immune systems are not yet fully mature and also because their stomachs produce less acid, making it easier for ingested bacteria and viruses to multiply. These factors leave them the most vulnerable to the devastating effects of these serious diseases.

When a baby is developing in the mother’s womb it is in a sterile environment. The baby’s immune system goes into action at birth, as the child confronts bacteria outside of the womb. But our bodies are an amazing creation with an immune system that is ready to go to work from the moment that we are born. Infants begin to immediately develop an …

 

 

Read more: http://www.vaccinateyourbaby.org/about/importance.cfm

Take control during mealtimes

A common goal most of us responsible parents have is to feed our kids foods that will nourish them and help them to develop. Here are some email ideas to help you overcome the dilemma in feeding your kids.

 

Does your child give you a difficult time during meals every time? Maybe he or she is not hungry or perhaps feeling playful. In any case, taking control starts with you. Here are 5 easy tips to make mealtimes happy, fun and less stressful!

Feeding a child

Turn mealtime into a pleasant experience

1. Stay calm
This may be the most difficult thing to do. But take deep breaths and count to ten. Remember to be encouraging when your child does something right (such as eating all of his the vegetables) and be firm when your child is naughty.

2. Don’t force your child to eat
This tactic will make your child hate mealtimes and it will waste your time in the long run. If it takes more than twenty minutes for your child to finish eating, stop feeding and try again later.

3. Try fun and creative recipes
When planning meals combine different foods with familiar ones. Look up recipe ideas on the internet or try some here. Incorporate different colours and flavours into your kid’s meals and soon, your child will start looking forward to every meal.

4. Serve easy-to-swallow portions
Bear in mind young children can’t chew tougher or drier foods. Also, it can be dangerous of large pieces of …

 

Read more: https://sg.theasianparent.com/take-control-during-mealtimes/

15 Differences In The First Child Vs. The Second

There are many circumstances that probably led to child number one, and the newness of every experience that followed. These life changing experiences allowed for mini victories, and improvements in our self-measurement of how we see ourselves as parents.

 

two-kids-on-bed

1. Celebrating 
The first child: When we were expecting our first child, people celebrated me as though no woman had ever had a baby before. I was showered with gifts and attention by family, friends, family friends and friends of family friends’ dogs. Upon arrival of the baby, visitors crowded the waiting room and lined up around the block. You have never seen so many homemade lasagnas in your life.
The next one: Umm…where did everybody go?

2. Documentation
Your first childPhoto documentation began before my pregnant belly was even visible and continued weekly (more like daily) throughout the first two years of our daughter’s life on the outside.
The next oneAny pictures that captured my second pregnancy were inadvertent until near the end, when we decided we had better take a few shots on purpose just to prove it happened.

3. Illness
The first child: The baby was sniffle free her whole first year of life.
The next oneDue to the infectiousness of her older sibling, now in preschool, the baby has had a runny nose since the week after her birth. She can see us coming with the snot sucker from across the room and it takes all three of us to hold her down to use it.

4. Time Management
The first child: There was no time to do anything but care for the baby. Outings were carefully timed so as not to anger the …

 

Read more: http://www.scarymommy.com/the-first-child/

Increasing Low Milk Supply

Most new moms have every intention of breastfeeding their babies, it is the best gift they can give them.

 

Is your milk supply really low?

First of all, is your milk supply really low? Often, mothers think that their milk supply is low when it really isn’t. If your baby is gaining weight well on breastmilk alone, then you do not have a problem with milk supply.

It’s important to note that the feel of the breast, the behavior of your baby, the frequency of nursing, the sensation of let-down, or the amount you pump are not valid ways to determine if you have enough milk for your baby.

What if you’re not quite sure about baby’s current weight gain (perhaps baby hasn’t had a weight check lately)? If baby is having an adequate number of wet and dirty diapers then the following things do NOT mean that you have a low milk supply:

 

  • Your baby nurses frequently. Breastmilk is digested quickly (usually in 1.5-2 hours), so breastfed babies need to eat more often than formula-fed babies. Many babies have a strong need to suck. Also, babies often need continuous contact with mom in order to feel secure. All these things are normal, and you cannot spoil your baby by meeting these needs.
  • Your baby suddenly increases the frequency and/or length of nursings. This is often a growth spurt. The baby nurses more (this usually lasts a few days to a week), which increases your milk supply. Don’t offer baby supplements when this happens: supplementing will inform your body that the baby doesn’t need the extra milk, and your supply will drop.

Effects of Bad Parenting on Children

Parental intervention and application of moral principles can do much to mitigate these potential effects. One can then consider some of the possible effects a poorly brought up child can face.  The importance of parenting can’t be understated.

bad parenting

While no one is the perfect parent, there are certain parenting behaviors that can have serious negative effects on children. From mirroring what they see at home to starting out well behind their peers, these kids are at a disadvantage.

 

Higher Risk for Psychological Disorders

Children who are raised in families dealing with abuse are far more likely to suffer from psychological disorders, according to a study published in the journal Child Development. Although no one psychological disorder stood out as particularly prevalent, these children were at greater risk for disorders of all types. In addition, the study found that family relationships, including relationships between siblings, were not as warm and loving as they are in other families.

Additionally, children who were directly abused themselves were far more likely than their peers to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a study published in the journal Child Abuse & Neglect. This was particularly true for sexual abuse, but it is also a concern for other forms of child abuse.

Poor Performance in School

Neglecting a child, or failing to meet his or her basic human needs, can a have a dramatic effect on school performance, according to a study published in the journal Child Abuse & Neglect. The study found that early neglect in particular was very harmful to children, preventing them from forming social relationships at school and from learning at the same rate as their peers. The study found that neglect was just as harmful in terms of school performance as direct abuse.

In addition, a study published in the journal Demography found that frequently moving and uprooting a child resulted in poor performance in school. While frequent moves aren’t always a factor parents can control, it’s important to consider the effect on the child before making several moves.

 

Depression and Low Self-Esteem

According to a study published in the Journal of Adolescent Research, parenting style can have a direct effect on a child’s self-esteem and vulnerability to depression. The study found that if parents are extremely controlling, children are a greater risk for depression and don’t see themselves as positively.

Another study published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatryfound that children who were the victims of sexual abuse at home had much lower self-esteem than their peers.

 

Read more: http://kids.lovetoknow.com/wiki/Effects_of_Bad_Parenting_on_Children

20 Things Every Parent of Kids with Special Needs Should Hear

If your child has been recently diagnosed with special needs, you might be fretting that life will be harder to deal with now.  But do not be consumed with situation, you need to read this and remember that you are not alone.

 

1) You are not alone.
There may not be anyone else with the same constellation of symptoms as your child but there are people with similar challenges. Find those people. I have never met anyone with all of these same challenges as my kid but I have a strong network within each separate diagnosis. We have made wonderful friends and have found—and I hope provided—a great deal of support within each of these. I just have to pop onto one of my Facebook groups and I’m immediately reminded, I’m not alone.

2) You too deserve to be cared for.
We are placed in a position of caring for others nearly constantly. However, you still need and deserve to be cared for. That entails asking friends or family to bring a meal by every now and then, or going for a pedicure, or a date night, or whatever else you enjoy doing. Whatever makes you feel special and taken care of, take the time to enjoy it, you are worth it!

3) You aren’t perfect—and that’s ok!
No one is perfect. We all make mistakes. We can wallow in our goof-ups or move on! Try to shift your thinking, maybe there was a good reason you missed that appointment, that you were sure was on Tuesday but apparently was on Monday. Maybe your kiddo had a tough day at school and just needed the night off. Who knows? But beating yourself up isn’t going to change the situation, so try to move on.

Special Needs Child with Mother

4) You are a superhero. 
You may not leap buildings in a single bound or run faster than a speeding bullet but you are a superhero none the less. Everyday, you manage situations that a regular parent would think are impossible. You stretch tight muscles, remember pills, inject …

 

Read more: http://www.abilities.com/community/parents-20things.html

Is It Okay to Spank?

Every parent has different views about spanking. Some does believe that it is beneficial. However there are also those who believe that it isn’t necessary at all.

 

(c) http://www.ahaparenting.com/

  • 94% of 3- and 4-year-olds have been spanked at least once during the past year, according to one study.
  • 74% of mothers believe spanking is acceptable for kids ages 1 to 3, says another study.
  • 61% of parents condone spanking as a “regular form of punishment” for young children, according to a different study.

Clearly, the majority of parents say they spank their kids. Various factors increase the likelihood, including geographic location (children in the South are spanked the most), family income (less money means more spanking), race (African-American mothers spank their children more than other ethnic groups) and religion (parents more fundamentalist in their religious beliefs spank more than those who are less so). But all in all, it’s a pretty clear picture.

Meanwhile, for decades a long and distinguished list of experts has denounced spanking as ineffective, even dangerous. Ineffective, they say, because it only teaches a child to fear his parents, not to respect them, and dangerous because using force can injure a child and warp his understanding of how to interact with others: namely, that it’s okay to hit someone to get your own way. And experts warn that children who have this antisocial lesson beaten into them are more likely to exhibit violent behavior later in life.

So why is there still a massive disconnect between what experts advise and what parents do? Are so many of us clamping our hands over our ears to “hear no evil,” or do we know something that experts don’t?

Meaning what you say

Before you go dashing off letters to the editor, let’s consider that most people don’t agree on what spanking actually is. In Webster’s, “spank” means “to strike on the buttocks with an open hand.” A mission statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) describes it as “striking a child with an open hand on the buttocks or extremities with the intention of modifying behavior without causing physical injury.” But if you ask ten moms and dads what spanking means, you may well hear ten different responses.

Researchers who gather spanking statistics often lump together parents who may smack a well-padded bottom with an open hand once a year with those who regularly reach for a brush or belt strap as discipline, and they combine those who may spank their child because it’s “good for them” with those who’ve done it because they lost their temper. The only definition experts and parents do seem to agree on is that spanking entails hitting of some kind, and that abuse is never acceptable. (Those of you who believe spanking is abuse no matter how it’s defined may now be excused to write your letters to the editor.)

There are any number of reasons that a parent might advocate or abhor spanking, but most influential is her own childhood experience. Christina Togni of Manassas Park, Virginia, can still recall her mother’s threat with a wooden spoon. “When my two older brothers and I would do something wrong and hear the kitchen drawer open, we’d immediately head for the hills.” Now the mom of a 6-year-old and a newborn, Togni says that she uses spanking only “when absolutely necessary.” But unlike her mom, she doesn’t issue empty threats. “When I say I’m going to do it, I do it.” Jennifer Johnson, a mother of three in Haymarket, Virginia, also remembers fearing “the wrath of the paddle,” which she believes was a good thing. She says that she …

 

Read more: http://www.parenting.com/article/is-it-okay-to-spank

5 of the Hardest Things Parents Face: How to Handle the Most Challenging Parenting Issues

5 of the Hardest Things Parents Face: How to Handle the Most Challenging Parenting Issues

“It’s troublesome for folks to find out what is correct; and actually, there truly isn’t a “right” answer constantly. It’s essential to acknowledge that there are decisions to make, and that decisions regularly accompany tension. More essential than attempting to be a flawless guardian is to be an “good enough” guardian , who deals with their kids and tries their best.”

Mom overwhelmed while kids fight.

Photo by http://www.empoweringparents.com/

Watching my child struggle without stepping in to “fix” things for him was one of the hardest things I’ve personally experienced as a mom, even though I knew it was the best thing for him. And the truth is, from the very beginning, being a mother is a balance of taking care of your kids while letting them grow up and learn from their mistakes. Your role of simply loving and protecting your baby from pain and discomfort changes to one of accepting that your child or teen will need to experience natural consequences for his or her actions. The hard part (for them and for us!) is that these consequences almost always include some discomfort, disappointment or pain.

Along with the good, the list of tough things we face as parents is long—and as we all find out pretty early, there are so many challenges that we never even considered or knew about before having children! As a mom and therapist of 30 years, I’ve found the following to be five of the most difficult.

1. “Parent the child you have, and not the child you wish you had.” Many times, we try to parent our kids based on what we think they should be like, and not upon who they really are. Listen, it can be tough and exhausting to have a son with ADHD, or a teen with ODD who’s defiant and disrespectful. Or you might simply have a child who’s very different from you, so trying to see her side of things becomes a constant, draining battle. You might think, “Hey, this isn’t what I signed up for! Is this what motherhood is supposed to be like?” As a mom and therapist, I know that when you accept that your child is not who you thought she was going to be, a real grief can emerge. You might have to give up certain dreams you had for your child’s future when you realize she’s just not going to take the path you’d hoped she would.

Understand, though, that once you let go and accept who your child is, a different kind of love can develop, because you’ll be able to see her clearly for the person she truly is. I have found that true acceptance is one of the most powerful, loving things a parent can give to their child. It’s the basis for so many things, including being able to develop and communicate reasonable expectations for appropriate behavior. Old power struggles fall away, which can give you space to nurture new aspects of your relationship. As an added bonus, when you accept your child for who she is, she can then become better at accepting herself.

2. Letting Your Child Experience the Pain and Discomfort of Natural Consequences: I remember feeling terrible when my son, who was a toddler at the time, pushed a door open and fell down some stairs while we were visiting family. We’d all looked away for a split second, and that was all it took. This was traumatic not only for my son, but for us as parents. I remember realizing that I couldn’t always keep him safe from everything. (Thankfully he was only a little bruised.) Even though it was clearly an accident, I still felt like a bad parent. These feelings are natural, but it’s important that you learn how to deal with them. The goal for all of us is to learn from each experience and try to be reasonable about what you have control over – and what is beyond your control.

It’s not a good idea to try to protect your child from experiencing the consequences of his actions. Look at it this way: how will your child learn from his mistakes if you take away the natural outcome of a poor choice he makes? In fact, we humans learn through trial and error. We try something, it fails or we get in trouble, and we try another way. We misbehave, someone gets mad, so we stop. If you put up a protective fence around your child and try to fix things for him, how will he learn to do things differently next time? As my husband James Lehman said, “It’s helpful to allow your child to struggle. Change happens out of struggle and in moments of accepting responsibility for our actions.”

Read more: http://www.empoweringparents.com/the-5-hardest-things-parents-face-and-how-to-handle-them.php

Can You Afford To Be A Stay-At-Home Parent?

Can You Afford To Be A Stay-At-Home Parent?

“Financial situation in every family is distinctive, whether you can be a stay-at-home-guardian relies on upon whether you can make due on your partner’s compensation alone. Just including your month to month outgoings and subtracting them from your partner’s salary may demonstrate that you can’t bear to surrender work. Along these lines, in case you’re battling with the choice to stay at home or not, consider it precisely.”

Photo by http://www.forbes.com/

Photo by http://www.forbes.com/

The first time Sheryl Sandberg’s infant son reached for his caregiver instead of her, “it hurt like hell,” recalls the Facebook COO in her 2013 book Lean In. Most working parents can relate to that moment. There’s no escaping the push-pull between parenthood and career when you drop your children off at day care or leave them home with a sitter and head off to work for the day.

On the one hand, there’s the desire to be there when they take their first steps or speak their first words; on the other, there’s the satisfaction and income you derive from your career. Mothers and, to an increasing degree, fathers must consider whether or not to stay at home with their children—a choice that can be difficult and very personal.

Beyond the immediate concern of living on just one income are broader concerns, such as: How would a career break affect our family’s long-term financial security? What about our ability to save for our children’s education—or our own retirement? Will I lose career momentum if I take a few years off?

Read more: http://www.forbes.com/sites/merrilllynch/2015/11/03/can-you-afford-to-be-a-stay-at-home-parent/?strref=http:%2F%2Fwww.forbes.com

How to teach a child to cycle in 30 minutes

How to teach a child to cycle in 30 minutes

As a parent, you will need to follow your kid in wheel tracks as soon as possible to avoid unnecessary accidents, even using two wheels as support. Some children are proficient pedallers soon after they’ve learnt to walk, others can still be wobbly at age nine or above. Every child is different. It’s very difficult and probably counter-productive to push cycling on a youngster who’s not prepared or not willing.”

Photo by http://www.bikeradar.com/

Photo by http://www.bikeradar.com/

I think some kids will get it in half an hour, though others might take a bit longer,” Chiat told BikeRadar. “Obviously it takes time and you want to go through the braking step, because that’s laying the foundation for them being safe. But, once they start, they pick it up very quickly.”

Here are Chiat’s top tips for teaching children the intuitive act of balancing while moving.

1. Learn to stop before you start

Start by standing the child beside the bike. Get them to hold the bar, walking along and practising pulling on both brakes. It’s an important foundation that helps the child feel that they are in control.

“They just need to get into the habit of using both brakes, and it’s important to really get that into their head,” says Chiat.

2. Drop the saddle and take away the pedals

Now it’s time for the child to get on the bike. Chiat says dropping the saddle and removing the pedals to make the bike handle like a scooter is an important second step. It helps build a greater feeling of control and means they worry less about wobbling.

It also gives them leverage to push off and gain their own momentum. Chiat advises that, as youngsters push along under their own steam, it’s important to encourage them to keep their feet off the ground for as long as possible:

“In most cases kids just realise that the bike will stay up when they’re moving because something – a feeling – just kind of clicks into place.”

 

Read more: http://www.bikeradar.com/beginners/news/article/how-to-teach-a-child-to-cycle-in-30-minutes-37033/